Sapphire is an individual from the corundum family. Sapphires most generally happen in blue, and vivid, unadulterated, dark blues are the most expensive. For a huge number of years, sapphire has been related exclusively with the shading blue, the name originates from the Greek word 'sappheiros', which means blue. In any case, sapphires can be found in every shade other than red, as red sapphires are called rubies. Over the span of history, this jewel has been worn as a defensive special necklace, as an image of congruity, devotion and kinship, and as a sentimental token. Since it is very hard it is rated at 9 in the mohs scale. The biggest producer of sapphires is SriLanka, however they are additionally mined in Kenya, Burma, Tanzania, Kashmir, Madagascar, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Australia, and the United States. The sapphire is the September birthstone in the US.